Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Burton M. (Mack) Kennedy's Publications

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Journal Articles

  1. Brown S.T., Kennedy B.M., DePaolo D.J. and Evans W.C. (2008) Isotopic constraints on the chemical evolution of geothermal fluids, Long Valley, CA. Trans. Geothermal Res. Council, 32, 269-272. (extended abstract). LBNL-2411E.
  2. Dressel P.E., Olsen K.B., Hayes J.C., McIntyre J.I., Waichler S.R., Milbrath B.D, Cooper M., and Kennedy B.M. (2008), Environmental application of stable xenon and radioxenon monitoring. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v276, No.3, 763-769. LBNL# 61563.
  3. Kennedy, B.M. and van Soest, M.C. (2007), Flow of mantle fluids through the ductile lower crust: helium isotope trends. Science 318, 1433-1436. LBNL# 63575.
  4. Christenson, B.W., Kennedy, B.M., Adams, M.C., Bjornstad, S.C., and Buck, C. (2007), Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the Coso East Flank hydrothermal fluids: implications for the location and nature of the heat source. Proceedings, 32nd Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford Geothermal Program ReportSGP-TR-183. LBNL# 62359.
  5. Aciego, S.M., DePaolo, D.J., Kennedy, B.M., Lamb, M.P., Sims, K., and Dietrich, W. (2007), Combining [3He] cosmogenic dating with U-Th/He eruption ages using olivine in basalt. Earth Planet. Sci Lett., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2006.11.039. LBNL# 62379.
  6. Kennedy, B.M. and van Soest, M. (2006), A systematic regional trend in helium isotopes across the northern Basin and Range Province, western North America. Trans. Geothermal Res. Council, 2006 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA. (extended abstract). LBNL# 61338.
  7. Dobson, P., Sonnenthal, E., Kennedy, B.M., van Soest, M., and Lewicki, J. (2006), Temporal changes in noble gas compositions within the Aidlin sector of The Geysers geothermal system. Trans. Geothermal Res. Council, 2006 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA. (extended abstract). LBNL# 60159.
  8. Dobson, P., Sonnenthal, E., Lewicki, J., and Kennedy, B.M. (2006), Evaluation of C-14 as a natural tracer for injected fluids at the Aidlin sector of The Geysers geothermal system through modeling of mineral-water-gas reactions. Proc., TOUGH Symposium 2006, LBNL, Berkeley, CA, May 15-17, 2006 (extended abstract). LBNL# 60321.
  9. Kennedy, B.M. and van Soest, M.C. (2005), A helium isotope perspective on the Dixie Valley, Nevada hydrothermal system. Geothermics, 35, 26-43. LBNL# 60930.
  10. Kennedy, B.M. and van Soest, M. (2005), Regional and local trends in helium isotopes, Basin and Range Province, western North America: evidence for deep permeable pathways. Trans. Geothermal Res. Council, 2005 Annual Meeting, Reno, NV. (extended abstract). LBNL# 59811.
  11. Patterson, L.J., Sturchio, N.C., Kennedy, B.M., van Soest, M.C., Sultan, M., Lehmann, B., Purtschert, R., El Alfy, Z., El Kaliouby, B., Dawood, Y., and Abdallah, A. (2005), Cosmogenic, radiogenic, and stable isotopic constraints on groundwater residence time in the Nubian Aquifer, Western Desert of Egypt. Geochem., Geophys., Geosystems, v.6, 1-19. LBNL# 57471
  12. Barker, B., Kennedy, M., Hoversten, M., van Soest, M.C., and Williams, K. (2005), Geothermal exploration at Fort Bidwell, California. Proceedings, 30th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford Geothermal Program ReportSGP-TR-176. LBNL# 57275.
  13. Torgersen, T, Kennedy, B.M., and van Soest, M.C. (2004), Diffusive separation of noble gases and noble gas abundance patterns in sedimentary rocks. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v226, 477-489. LBNL# 55507
  14. Aciego, S, Kennedy, B.M., DePaolo, D.J., Christensen, J.N., and Hutcheon, I. (2003). U-Th-He age of phenocrystic garnet from the 79AD eruption of Mt. Vesuvius. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, v216, 209-219. LBNL# 53622
  15. Kennedy, B.M., Torgersen, T., and van Soest, M.C. (2002), Multiple atmospheric noble gas components in hydrocarbon reservoirs: a study of the Northwest Shelf, Delaware Basin, SE New Mexico. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v.66, 2807-2822. LBNL# 47387
  16. Evans, W.C., Sorey, M.L., Cook, A.C., Kennedy, B.M., Shuster, D.L., Colvard, E.M., White, L.D., and Huebner, M.A. (2002), Tracing and quantifying magmatic carbon discharge in cold groundwaters: lessons learned from Mammoth Mountain, USA. J. Volc. Geotherm. Res., v.114, 291-312. LBNL# 50610
  17. Christenson, B.W., Mrocek, E.K., Kennedy, B.M., van Soest, T., Stewart, M.K., and Lyon, G. (2002), Ohaaki reservoir chemistry: Charateristics of an arc-type hydrothermal system in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. J. Volc. Geothermal. Res., v.115, 53-82. LBNL# 48570
  18. Evans, W.C., Sorey, M.L., Kennedy, B.M., Stonestram, D.A., Rogie, D.L., and Shuster, D.L. (2001), High CO2 emissions through porous media: transport mechanisms and implications for flux measurement and fractionation. Chemical Geology, 177, pp. 15-29. LBNL# 46482
  19. DePaolo, D.J., Bryce, J.G., Dodson, A., Shuster, D.L., and Kennedy, B.M. (2001), Isotopic evolution of Mauna Loa and the chemical structure of the Hawaiin plume. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v2, U1-U32. LBNL# 50611
  20. Ping, Z, Kennedy, B.M., Shuster, D., Ji, D., Ejun, X., and Shaoping, D. (2001), Implications of noble gas geochemistry in the Yangbajing geothermal field, Tibet. Proc. 10th Water-Rock Interaaction Symposium (WRI-10), Villasimius, Italy, v. 2, pp. 947-950.
  21. Moore, J.N., Norman, D.I., and Kennedy, B.M. (2001), Fluid inclusion gas compositions from an active magmatic hydrothermal system: a case study of The Geysers geothermal field, USA. Chemical Geology, V173, p. 3-30.
  22. Preuss, K, O’Sullivan, M.J., and Kennedy, B.M. (2000), Modeling of Phase-Partioning Tracers in Fractured Reservoirs. Proceedings, 25th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford Geothermal Program ReportSGP-TR-165, pp. 167-173.
  23. Kennedy, B.M., Fischer, T.P., and Shuster, D.L. (2000), Heat and Helium in Geothermal Systems. Proceedings, 25th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford Geothermal Program ReportSGP-TR-165, pp. 167-173.
  24. Kennedy, B.M. and Shuster, D.L. (2000), Noble gases: sensitive natural tracers for detection and monitoring injectate returns to geothermal reservoirs. Geothermal Res. Counc. Trans., V24, p. 247-252.
  25. Sorey, M., Evans, B, Kennedy, B.M., Rogie, J. and Cook, A. (1999), Magmatic gas emissions from Mammoth Mountain. California Geology, September/October, pp. 4-16.
  26. Torgersen, T. and Kennedy, B.M. (1999), Air-Xe enrichments in Elk Hills oil field gases: role of water in migration and storage. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 167, pp. 239-253.
  27. Kennedy, B.M., Janik, K., Benoit, D., and Shuster, D. (1999). Natural geochemical tracers for injectate fluids at Dixie Valley. Proc. 24th Workshop on Geothermal Resevoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, January 25-27, 1999, 108-115.
  28. Dodson, A., DePaolo, D.J., and Kennedy, B.M. (1998), Helium isotopes in lithospheric mantle: evidence from Tertiary basalts of the Western U.S.. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 62, pp. 3775-3788.
  29. Sorey M.L., Evans W.C., Kennedy B.M., Farrar C.D., Hainsworth, H.A., and Hausback, B. (1998), Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California. J. Geophys. Res., 103, pp. 15,303-15,323.
  30. Evans, W.C., Sorey, M.L., Michel, R.L., Kennedy, B.M., and Hainsworth, L.J. (1998), Gas-water interaction at Mammoth Mountain, California. Water-Rock Interaction (Aerhart and Hulston, eds.), 9, pp. 443-446.
  31. Kharaka, Y.K., Thordsen, J.J., Evans, W.C., and Kennedy, B.M. (1998), Fluids and faults: the chemistry, origin and interactions of fluids associated with the San Andreas fault system, California, USA. Water-Rock Interaction (Aerhart and Hulston, eds.), 9, pp. 781-784.
  32. Pili, E., Kennedy, B.M., Conrad, M.S., Gratier, J.-P., and Poitrasson, F. (1998), Isotope constraints on the involvement of fluids in the San Andreas fault system, California. Proc. Goldschmidt Conference.
  33. 33. Dickens, G.R. and Kennedy, B.M. (1998), Noble gases in methane hydrate from the Blake Ridge. Proc. of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, v164, pp.165-170.
  34. Kennedy B.M., Kharaka Y.K., Evans W.C., Ellwood A., DePaolo D.J., Thordsen J., Ambats G., and Mariner R.H. (1997), Mantle fluids in the San Andreas fault system, California. Science 278, pp. 1278-1281.
  35. Dodson A., Kennedy B.M., and DePaolo D.J. (1997), Helium and neon isotopes in the Imnaha Basalt, Columbia River Basalt Group: Evidence for a Yellowstone Plume Source. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 150, pp. 443-451.
  36. Kennedy B.M. and Truesdell A.H. (1996), The Northwest Geysers high-temperature reservoir: Evidence for active magmatic degassing and implications for the origin of The Geysers Geothermal Field. Geothermics 25 (3), pp. 365-387.
  37. Kennedy B.M., Benoit D., and Truesdell A.H. (1996), A preliminary survey of noble gases at Dixie Valley, Nevada. Trans. Geotherm.Res. Council 20, pp. 815-820.
  38. Farrar C.D., Sorey M.L., Evans W.C., Howle J.F., Kerr B.D., Kennedy B.M., King C.-Y., and Southon J.R. (1995), Forest-killing diffuse CO2 emission at Mammoth Mountain as a sign of magmatic unrest. Nature 376, pp. 675-678.
  39. Kennedy B.M. and Truesdell A.H. (1994), Active magmatic degassing in the NW Geysers high-temperature reservoir. Trans. Geotherm. Res. Council 18, pp. 325-330.
  40. Fournier R.O., Kennedy B.M., Aoki M., and Thompson J.M. (1994), Correlation of gold in siliceous sinters with 3He/4He in hot spring waters of Yellowstone National Park. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 58, pp. 5401-5419.
  41. Goff, F., Evans, W.C., Gardiner, J.N., Adams, A., Janik, C.J., Kennedy, B.M., Trujillo, P.E., and Counce, D. (1994), Interpretation of in-situ fluid samples from geothermal wells: example from hole VC-2B, Valles Caldera, New Mexico. Geotherm. Sci. & Tech., 4(2), pp. 97-128.
  42. Sorey M.L., Kennedy B.M., Evans W.C., Farrar C.D., and Suemnicht G.A. (1993) Helium isotope variations associated with crustal unrest in Long Valley Caldera, California, in 1989-1992. J. Geophys. Res. 98, 15871-15889.
  43. Goff F., Kennedy B.M., Adam A.I., Truillo P.E., and Counce D. (1993), Hydrogeochemical evaluation of conventional and hot dry rock geothermal resource potential in the Clear Lake region, California. Trans. Geotherm. Res. Council 17, pp. 335-342.
  44. Truesdell A.H., Walters M., Kennedy B.M., and Lippmann M. (1993), An integrated model for the origin of The Geysers geothermal field. Trans. Geotherm. Res. Council 17, pp. 273-280.
  45. Hiyagon H. and Kennedy B. M. (1992), Noble gases in CH4-rich gas fields, Alberta, Canada. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 56, pp. 1569-1589.
  46. Kennedy B.M., Hiyagon H., and Poths J. (1992), Anomalous 3He contents of CH4-rich gases in sedimentary basins. Proc. Int. Symp Water-Rock Interaction 7, pp. 947-950.
  47. Kharaka Y.K., Mariner R.H., Evans W.C., and Kennedy B.M. (1992). Composition of gases from the Norris-Mammoth corridor, Yellowstone National Park, USA; evidence for a mamgmatic source near Mammoth Hot Springs. Proc. Int. Symp. Water-Rock Interaction 7, pp. 1303-1307.
  48. Kennedy B.M., Hiyagon H., and Reynolds J.H. (1991), Noble gases from Honduras geothermal sites. J. Volcanology Geothermal Res.45, N1-2, pp. 29-39.
  49. Kennedy B.M., Hiyagon H., and Reynolds J.H. (1990), Crustal neon: A striking uniformity. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 98, pp. 277-286.
  50. Abrajano T.A., Sturchio N.C., Kennedy B.M., Lyon G.L., Muehlenbachs K., and Bohlke J.K. (1990), Geochemistry of reduced gas related to serpentinization of the Zambales Ophiolite. Applied Geochemistry V, pp. 625-630.
  51. Hearn L., Kennedy B.M., and Truesdell A.H.(1990), Coupled variations in helium isotopes and fluid chemistry: Shoshone Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 54, pp. 3103-3113.
  52. Torgersen T., Kennedy B.M., Hiyagon H., Chiou K.Y., Reynolds J.H., and Clarke W.B. (1989), Argon accumulation and the crustal degassing flux of 40Ar in the Great Artesian Basin, Australia. Earth Planet. Sci Lett. 92, pp. 43-46.
  53. Kennedy B.M., Reynolds J.H., and Smith S.P. (1988), Noble gas geochemistry in thermal springs. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, pp. 1919-1928.
  54. Kennedy B.M. (1988), Noble gases in vent water from the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, pp. 1929-1935.
  55. Kennedy B.M., Hudson B., Hohenberg C.M., and Podosek F.A. (1988), 129I/127I Variations among Enstatite Chondrites. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 52, pp. pp. 101-112.
  56. Hudson G.B., Kennedy B.M., Podosek F.A., and Hohenberg C.M. (1988), The early solar system abundance of 244Pu as inferred from the St. Severin chondrite. Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf XIXth, J. Geophys. Res., pp. 547-557.
  57. Kennedy B.M., Reynolds J.H., Smith S.P., and Truesdell A.H. (1987), Helium isotopes: Lower Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park. J. Geophys. Res., 92, pp. 12,477-12,490.
  58. Kennedy B.M., Lynch M.A., Reynolds J.H., and Smith S.P. (1985), Intensive sampling of noble gases in fluids at Yellowstone: I. Early overview of the data; regional patterns. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, pp. 1251-1261.
  59. Bernatowicz T.J., Kennedy B.M., and Podosek F.A. (1985), Xe in glacial ice and the atmospheric inventory of noble gases. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, pp. 2561-2564.
  60. Smith S.P. and Kennedy B.M. (1985), Noble gas evidence for two fluids in the Baca (Valles Caldera) geothermal reservoir. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49, pp. 839-902.
  61. Smith S.P. and Kennedy B.M. (1982), The solubility of noble gases in water and NaCl brine. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 47, pp. 503-515.
  62. Caffe M., Hohenberg C.M., Horz F., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., Podosek F.A., and Swindle T. (1982), Shock disturbances of the I-Xe system. Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf. 13th, J. Geophys. Res., Suppl. 87, pp. A318-A330.
  63. Hohenberg C.M., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., and Podosek F.A. (1981), Noble gas retention chronologies for the St. Severin meteorite. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, pp. 535-546.
  64. Hohenberg C.M., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., and Podosek F.A. (1981), Xenon spallation systematics in Angra dos Reis. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, pp. 1909-1915.
  65. Hohenberg C.M. and Kennedy B.M. (1981), I-Xe dating: Intercomparisons of neutron irradiations and reproducibility of the Bjurbole standard. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 45, pp. 251-256.
  66. Bernatowicz T.J., Hohenberg C.M., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., Laul J.C., and Podosek F.A. (1980), Noble gas component organization in 14301. Proc. Lunar Sci. Conf. 11th, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, Suppl. 14, pp. 629-668.
  67. Hohenberg C.M., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., and Podosek F.A. (1980), Fission xenon in troctolite 76535. Proc. Lunar Highlands Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, Suppl. 12, pp. 419-439.
  68. Bernatowicz T.J., Hohenberg C.M., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., and Podosek F.A. (1978), Excess fission xenon at Apollo 16. Proc. Lunar Sci. Conf. 9th, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, Suppl. 10, pp. 1571-1597.
  69. Bernatowicz T.J., Hohenberg C.M., Hudson B., Kennedy B.M., and Podosek F.A. (1978), Argon ages for lunar breccias 14064 and 15405. Proc. Lunar Sci. Conf. 9th, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, Suppl. 10, pp. 905-919.
  70. Drozd R.J., Kennedy B.M, Morgan C.J., Podosek F.A, and Taylor G.J. (1976), The excess fission xenon problem in lunar samples. Proc. Lunar Sci. Conf 7th, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, Suppl. 7, pp. 599-623.

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Book/Book Chapters

  1. Kharaka, Y.K., Thordsen, J.J., Evans, W.C., and Kennedy, B.M. (1998), Geochemistry and hydromechanical interactions of fluids associated with the San Andreas fault system, California. In, “Faults and Subsurface Fluid Flow”, Geophysical Monograph 113, Am. Geophysical Union, pp. 129-148.
  2. Goff F., Gardner J.N., Hulen J.N., Nielson D.L., Charles R., WoldeGabriel G., Vuataz F.-D., Musgrave J.A., Shevenell L., and Kennedy B.M. (1991), The Valles caldera hydrothermal system, past and present, New Mexico, USA. Deep Drilling in Crystalline Bedrock, Vol. 3, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 43 p..
  3. Kharaka Y.K., Mariner R.H., Bullen T.D., Kennedy B.M., and Sturchio N.C. (1991) Geochemical investigations of hydraulic connections between the Corwin Springs Known Geothermal Resources Area and adjacent parts of Yellowstone National Park. In M.L. Sorey (ed.) U.S.G.S. Water Res. Invest. Rept. 91-4052, F1-F38.

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Other

  1. Kennedy, B.M. (2003), Book Review: “Noble Gases in Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry”, Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, v. 47. Porcelli, D. Ballentine, C.J., and Weiler, R. (editors). In EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Un, Dec. 2003.

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