Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Earth Sciences Division Staff: Markus Bill

Markus Bill

Markus Bill

Scientific Engineer Associate

Geochemistry Department

 

Phone: 510-486-5659

Lab Phone:  510-486-4975

Fax: 510-486-5496

Email: mbill@lbl.gov

Biographical Summary

After obtaining my Ph.D. at the University of Lausanne in the field of geology and isotope geochemistry. I have actively conducted research in the field of isotope geology and isotope environmental chemistry. I have conducted research, Tübingen (Germany), at the University of California at Berkeley, Kansas State University, and at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. I have had opportunities to teach a variety of lectures in the field of environmental and isotope geochemistry at both European and US universities. My teaching experience also covers practical work in the area of geology. I have also had the opportunity to work in the area of policy management in the environmental sector for a Swiss governmental agency.

Research Interests

In my research I try to understand and quantify geochemical and biochemical interactions betweenand in the geosphere, the biosphere, the hydrosphere, and the atmosphere. An important aspect of this work is to examine how biological communities at both the micro and macroscopic scale respond to changes in geochemical cycles.

My research encompasses the areas of geology and isotopic biogeochemistry associated with modern and palaeoenvironments. I strongly think that this approach can help to understand better earth history and modern environment evolution. I utilize stable isotopes, elemental concentrations, as well as identification and quantitition of specific organic compounds and biochemical proxies.

Current projects in modern environments include field and laboratory experiments for studying the chemical and microbial transformation of contaminants in soil and groundwater. Projects in paleoenvironments include the effects in carbon cycling on marine ecosystems and on biotic evolution during Jurassic period.

Education

  • 1998 - Ph. D. Sciences, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 1992 -  M. S. in Earth Sciences, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Professional Experience

  • 2007-14  - Scientific Engineer Associate, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA.
  • 2006       - Director of Laboratories, Kansas State University, KS.
  • 2005       - Independent Consultant Biogeochemist.
  • 2003-04  - Project manager of groundwater, soil and air pollution division. Environmental Agency, Jura Canton, Switzerland.
  • 2001-02  - Post-graduate researcher, University of California at Berkeley, CA
  • 2000       - Visiting Postdoc, University of California at Berkeley, CA
  • 1998-99  - Post-doctoral researcher, Eberhard-Karls-University at Tübingen, Germany
  • 1993-98  - Postgraduate Assistant, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 1991-93  - Graduate Assistant, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

Grants

  • 2014 Carbon cycle variations on marine ecosystems for understanding  the consequences of the present increase of atmospheric CO2. Sponsored  by the Department of Eath Sciences of the University of Cadyz (Spain).  Principal investigator: Markus Bill. Amount granted $ 13,250. Duration  01.01.2014 – 31.08 2014.
  • 2002-05 Dynamic of extinctions and radiations of pelagic organisms in  connection with eustatic and paleoceanografic variations during the  Jurassic and Cretaceous in the Western Tethys. Funded by Dirección  General de Investigación Científica y Técnica (DGICYT), Spain, project  no. BTE-2001-3020. Principal investigator Prof. José Sandoval.  Co-principal investigators Dr. Markus Bill, Prof. Miguel Company  Sempere, Prof Luis O'Dogherty.
    Amount granted € 72,572. Duration 01.09.2002 - 30.09.2005.
  • 2001-02 - Stable carbon isotope approach for understanding the methyl bromide budget of the atmosphere. Funded by Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), project no 8220-064670. Amount granted CHF 176,330. Duration 01.07.2001 - 31.12.2002.
  • 2000 - An isotopic approach for determining the industrial fraction of total CH3Br source to the atmosphere. Funded by Novartis Foundation. Amount granted CHF 12,000. Duration 01.01.2000 - 31.12.2000.
  • 1998-99 - Isotope geochemistry application (C, S and N) to the quantification of organic pollutants. Funded by Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), project no. 81LA-537663. Amount granted CHF 41,000. Duration 01.09.1998 - 31.08.1999
  • 1998-99 - Recherche en géologie sur l'impact de pollution d'hydrocarbures à Tübingen. Funded by Société Académique Vaudoise. Amount granted 5,000. Duration 01.09.1998 - 31.08.1999.

Teaching Experience

Professional Lectures

  • Invited speaker at University of Basel, Switzerland. Stable carbon isotopes: biogeochemical cycle markers of organic halogenated compounds. February 16, 2006. 
  • Invited speaker at Conferences of Western Switzerland Universities at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. Hydrocarbons and halogens in the atmosphere and in groundwater: origin and fate of the components. October 12, 2005.
  • Invited  speaker  at  Ecole  Nationale  Supérieure  de  Géologie,  CRPG,  Nancy,  France. Isotopes  stables  du carbone: marqueurs des cycles biogéochimiques de composés organiques halogénés. May 11, 2005.
  • Invited  speaker  at University of Granada, Spain. Conference Chair: Biogeochemical cycles of halogenated compounds associated to evolution? October 13, 2004.
  • Invited speaker at Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration, Lausanne, Switzerland. Contraintes sur l’assainissement de sites pollués. January 28, 2003.
  • Invited  speaker  at Escuela Politécnica de Linares - University of Jaén, Spain. Monitoring of halogenated compounds in the environment. December 19, 2002.
  • Invited speaker at University of California, Berkeley. Postdoctoral Conference for Atmospheric Chemistry: Carbon isotope variations correlated with the onset of oceanic spreading, extinction  events  and  climatic changes. July 31, 2001.
  • Invited speaker at University of Cadix, Spain. Interprétation des analyses géochimiques en paléocéanographie. June 14-15, 1999.
  • Invited  speaker  at  Paleontoloski  Institut,  Academie  de  Sciences,  ZRC  SAZU  Slovenia.  Carbon  isotope fractionations of carbonate organisms. Conference July 7, 1998.

COURSES

 (A)  COURSES

  • Petrology and geochemistry, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    4rd year earth science students
    Responsibilities: Taught laboratory analytical techniques for carbon, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes
    Winter semester: 1991, 1992, 1993
  • Structural Geology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    3rd year earth science students
    Responsibilities: Analyze of geological map and construction of cross section in the Alps
    Winter semester: 1993, 1994; 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
  • Tectonic, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    4th year earth science students
    Responsibilities: Analysis of deformation and tectonic stress field
    Winter semester: 1993, 1994; 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
  • Sedimentology of carbonate rocks, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    3rd year earth science students
    Responsibilities: Textural analyze and identification of carbonate rock facies.
    Winter semester: 1992

(B)  FIELD COURSES

  • Sedimentology and geological mapping in the Jura Mountains, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    1st year earth science students
    Duration: 2 weeks
    Summer semester: 1996, 1999
  • Geological mapping and structural analysis in the Western Alps (Switzerland), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    1st year earth science students
    Duration: 2 weeks
    Summer semester: 1998
  • Geological mapping and structural analysis in the Prealps (Switzerland), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    1st year earth science students
    Summer semester: 1994, 1997
  • Alpine cross section from Fribourg (Switzerland) to Aoste (Italy), University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    4th year earth science students
    Duration: 2 weeks
    Summer semester: 1995
  • Sedimentology of Liesberg Beds, Jura Switzerland, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    2nd and 3rd year earth science students
    Duration: 1 day
    Summer semester: 1992, 1993

(C)  SUPERVISED PRACTICAL WORK

  • Ph.D. candidate 4th year, University of California, Berkeley: Sulfur and carbon isotopes as indicators of bacterial sulfate processes, Center for Isotope Geochemistry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States.
    Jenny Druhan
    Year: 2010
  • Ph.D. candidate 4th year, University of California, Berkeley: Tracing anaerobic microbial lignin degradation, Center for Isotope Geochemistry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States.
    Dara Goodheart
    Year: 2009
  • Academies Creating Teacher Scientists, U.S. Department of Energy (ACTS-DOE): Isotopic Signatures and Water Cycling within a California Coastal Watershed, Center for Isotope Geochemistry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States.
    Kaye Kamp
    Year: 2008 and 2009
  • Master in Geology, University of Lausanne: Contamination des Eaux Souterraines par des Composés organiques volatils dans la décharge industrielle de Bonfol - Apports de la géochimie isotopique, Biogeoscience faculty, University of Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Thierry Oppikofer
    Year: 2004