Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Rubin and Hubbard Hydrogeophysics Textbook

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Hydrogeophysics Textbook Summary

Hydrogeophysics Textbook cover

The shallow subsurface of the earth is an extremely important geological zone, one that yields much of our water resources, supports our agriculture and ecosystems, serves as a repository for waste and contaminants, and influences our climate. The field of hydrogeophysics has developed in recent years to investigate the potential that geophysical methods hold for providing quantitative information about hydrogeological parameters or processes in this important zone. This book is the first to cover the fundamentals of hydrogeophysics from both the hydrogeological and geophysical perspectives. The book has multiple chapters that are each authored by leading experts or expert groups. The book is divided into four key parts:

  • The fundamentals of hydrological characterization are described in two chapters that focus on hydrological data acquisition and measurement analysis as well as geostatistical approaches;
  • The fundamentals of geophysical characterization are described in eight chapters in the book. These chapters describe geophysical techniques that are often used for hydrogeological characterization, including electrical, controlled source electromagnetic, ground penetrating radar, seismic, well logging, and remote sensing methods, as well as petrophysical relationships. Unlike many other books, the geophysical methods and petrophysical discussions presented in this book emphasize the theory, assumptions, approaches, and interpretations that are particularly important for hydrogeological applications.
  • A series of hydrogeophysical case studies, whose scale of investigation ranges from the lab-scale to the regional-scale, are described in four chapters. These case studies illustrate hydrogeophysical approaches for mapping hydrological units, estimation of hydrogeological parameters, and monitoring of hydrogeological processes.
  • Hydrogeophysical frontiers are covered in two chapters, which focus on emerging technologies and stochastic hydrogeophysical inversion approaches.

Hydrogeophysics is intended to provide an introduction to students and to new researchers to the field, to be used as a resource for researchers already active in the field, and to serve as a springboard for advances in the field that are needed to improve our understanding and management of the earth’s shallow subsurface.

Titles and Authors of Individual Chapters

PART I: Background and Hydrogeology

  • Chapter 1: Introduction to Hydrogeophysics - Susan Hubbard and Yoram Rubin
  • Chapter 2: Hydrological Methods for Estimation of Spatial Variations in Hydraulic Conductivity- Jim Butler, Jr.
  • Chapter 3: Geostatistics - J. Jaime Gomez-Hernandez

PART II: Fundamentals of Environmental Geophysics

  • Chapter 4: The Relationships between the Electrical and Hydrological Properties of Rocks and soil - David Lesmes and Schmulik Friedman
  • Chapter 5: DC Resistivity and Induced Polarization Methods - Andrew Binley and Andreas Kemna
  • Chapter 6: Near Surface Controlled-Source Electromagnetic Induction - Mark Everett and Max Meju
  • Chapter 7: GPR Methods for Hydrogeological Studies - A. Peter Annan
  • Chapter 8: Shallow Seismic Methods - Don Steeples
  • Chapter 9: Relationships between Seismic and Hydrogeological properties - Steven R. Pride
  • Chapter 10: Geophysical Well Logging - Miroslav Kobr, Stanislav Mares and Fred Paillet
  • Chapter 11: Airborne Hydrogeophysics - Jeffrey G. Paine and Brian R.S. Minty

PART III: Hydrogeophysical Case Studies

  • Chapter 12: Hydrogeophysical Case Studies at the Regional Scale - Mark Goldman, Haim Gvirtzman, Max Meju, and Vladimir Shtivelman
  • Chapter 13: Hydrogeophysical Case Studies at the Local Scale: the Saturated Zone - Dave Hyndman and Jens Tronicke
  • Chapter 14: Hydrogeophysical Case Studies in the Vadose Zon - Jeff J. Daniels, Barry Allred, Andrew Binley, Douglas LaBrecque, and David Alumbaugh
  • Chapter 15: Hydrogeophysical Methods at the Laboratory Scale - Ty P.A. Ferre, Andrew Binley, Jil Geller, Ed Hill and Tissa Illangasekare

PART IV: Hydrogeophysical Frontiers

  • Chapter 16: Emerging Technologies in Hydrogeophysics - Ugur Yaramanci, Andreas Kemna, and Harry Vereecken
  • Chapter 17: Stochastic Forward and Inverse Modeling: the "Hydrogeophysical Challenge" -Yoram Rubin and Susan Hubbard