Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

William (Bill) Collins' Publications

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Publications: 2011 thru present

  1. Conley, A.J., J.-F. Lamarque, F. Vitt, and W.D. Collins, and J. Kiehl (2013), "PORT, a CESM tool for the diagnosis of radiative forcing." Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 469–476, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-469-2013.
  2. de Boer, G., W.O. Collins, S. Menon and C.N. Long, 2011: Using Surface Remote Sensors to Derive Radiative Characteristics of Mixed-Phase Clouds: An Example from M-PACE, Atmos. Chern. Phys., 11, 11937-11949, doi:10.5194/acp-11-11937-2011.
  3. Feldman, D.R., C.A. Algieri, J.R. Ong, and W.D. Collins, 2011:CLARREO shortwave observing system simulation experiments of the twenty-first century: Simulator design and implementation,J. Geophys. Res., 116, D10107, doi: 10.1029/2010JD015350.
  4. Feldman, D.R.; C.A. Algieri, W.D. Collins, Y.L. Roberts, P.A. Pilewskie (2011), Simulation studies for the detection of changes in broadband albedo and shortwave nadir reflectance spectra under a climate change scenario J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 116, No. D24, D24103 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016407.
  5. Feldman, Daniel R., Daniel M. Coleman, William D. Collins, 2013: On the Usage of Spectral and Broadband Satellite Instrument Measurements to Differentiate Climate Models with Different Cloud Feedback Strengths. J. Climate, 26, 6561–6574. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00378.1
  6. Flato, Gregory, Jochem Marotzke, Babatunde Abiodun, Pascale Braconnot, Sin Chan Chou, William Collins, Peter Cox, Fatima Driouech, Seita Emori, Veronika Eyring, Chris Forest, Peter Gleckler, Eric Guilyardi, Christian Jakob, Vladimir Kattsov, Chris Reason, Markku Rummukainen (2013), "Chapter 9: Evaluation of Climate Models. Working Group I contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis" (WGI AR5). (Report)
  7. Hsieh, W. C., D. Rosa, and W. D. Collins. "Global dust simulations in the multiscale modeling framework." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (2013). doi:10.1029/2012MS000150
  8. Hurrell, James; Marika M. Holland; Peter R. Gent; Steven Ghan; Jennifer Kay; Paul Kushner; Jean-Francois Lamarque; William G. Large; David Lawrence; Keith Lindsay; William H. Lipscomb; Matthew Long; Natalie Mahowald; Daniel Marsh; Rich Neale; Philip Rasch; Steven Vavrus; Mariana Vertenstein; David Bader; William D. Collins; James J. Hack; Jeff Kiehl; Shawn Marshall (2013) "The Community Earth System Model: A Framework for Collaborative Research." In Press, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, BAMS-D-12-00121.
  9. Jones, A. D., Calvin, K. V., Collins, W. D., & Edmonds, J. (2013), "Towards a more consistent treatment of land-use change within climate assessment. Presented at the Impacts World 2013," International Conference on Climate Change Effects, Potsdam. (Published conference proceedings)
  10. Jones, A. D., W. D. Collins, and M. S. Torn (2013), "On the additivity of radiative forcing between land use change and greenhouse gases," Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50754.
  11. Jones, A.D., W.D. Collins, J. Edmonds, M.S. Torn, A. Janetos, K.V. Calvin, A. Thomson, L.P. Chini, J. Mao, X. Shi, P. Thornton, G.C. Hurtt, M. Wise (2013), "Greenhouse Gas Policy Influences Climate via Direct Effects of Land-Use Change." J. Climate, 26, 3657–3670. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00377.1
  12. Kirtman, B.P., C. Bitz, F. Bryan, W. Collins, J. Dennis, N. Hearn, J.L. Kinter Ill, R. Loft, C. Rousset, L. Siqueira, C. Stan, R. Tomas and M. Vertenstein, 2012: Impact of Ocean Model Resolution on CCSM Climate Simulations. Climate dynamics 39, no. 6 (2012): 1303-1328.
  13. Kirtman, Ben P., Cecilia Bitz, Frank Bryan, William Collins, John Dennis, Nathan Hearn, James L. Kinter, Richard Loft, Clement Rousset, Leo Siqueira, Cristiana Stan, Robert Tomas, and Mariana Vertenstein, (2012), “Impact of ocean model resolution on CCSM climate simulations”, Climate Dynamics, 39(6):1303{1328.
  14. Koffi, B., M. Schulz, F.-M. Bréon, J. Griesfeller, D. Winker, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, M. Chin, W. D. Collins, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, L. W. Horowitz, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, D. Koch, M. Krol, G. Myhre, P. Stier, T. Takemura (2012), Application of the CALIOP layer product to evaluate the vertical distribution of aerosols estimated by global models: AeroCom phase I results, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D10201, doi:10.1029/2011JD016858.
  15. Leung, R., W.D. Collins, and J. Famiglietti (2013)," DOE report for Workshop on Community Modeling and Long-Term Predictions of the Integrated Water Cycle," DOE/SC-0155. (Report)
  16. Li, F., D. Rosa, W. D. Collins, M. F. Wehner, 2012: 'Super-Parameterization'- a Better Way to Simulate Regional Extreme Precipitation? J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 4, M04002, doi:10.1029/2011MS000106.
  17. Li, F., W.D. Collins, M.F. Wehner, D.L. Williamson, J.G. Olson, 2011: Response of precipitation extremes to global warming in an aqua-planet climate model: towards robust projection from regional to global scales, Tellus A, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2011.00543.x.
  18. Li, F., W.O. Collins, M.F. Wehner, D.L. Williamson, J.G. Olson, C. Algieri, 2011: Impact of horizontal resolution on simulation of precipitation extremes in an aqua­ planet version of the Community Atmosphere Model {CAM), Tellus A, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0870.2011.00544.x.
  19. Li, Fuyu, William D. Collins, Michael F. Wehner, and L. Ruby Leung (2013), "Hurricanes in an aquaplanet world: Implications of the impacts of external forcing and model horizontal resolution." J. Advances Modeling Earth Systems, VOL. 5, 1–12, doi:10.1002/jame.20020, 2013.
  20. Liu, X., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Zaveri, R., Rasch, P., Shi, X., Lamarque, J.-F., Gettelman, A., Morrison, H., Vitt, F., Conley, A., Park, S., Neale, R., Hannay, C., Ekman, A. M. L., Hess, P., Mahowald, N., Collins, W., Iacono, M. J., Bretherton, C. S., Flanner, M.G., and Mitchell, D, 2012.: Toward a minimal representation of aerosols in climate models: description and evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAMS, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 709-739, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-709-2012.
  21. Murphy, L.N., William J. Riley, and William D. Collins (2013), "Local and Remote Climate Impacts from Expansion of Woody Biomass for Bioenergy Feedstock in the Southeastern United states." J. Climate, 25(21): 7643--7659, 2012. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00535.1.
  22. O’Brien, T. A., F. Li, W. D. Collins, S. A. Rauscher, T. D. Ringler, M. A. Taylor, S. M. Hagos, and L.-R. Leung, (2013), “Observed scaling in clouds and precipitation and scale incognizance in regional to global atmospheric models”, Journal of Climate, In Press , doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00005.1.
  23. Pressel, Kyle G., and William D. Collins, (2012), “First-order Structure Function Analysis of Statistical Scale Invariance in the AIRS-Observed Water Vapor Field”, J. Climate, 25(16):5538—5555.
  24. Pressel, Kyle G., and William D. Collins. First-order Structure Function Analysis of Statistical Scale Invariance in the AIRS-Observed Water Vapor Field. J. Climate, 25(16):5538--5555, 2012.
  25. Roberts, Y., Pilewskie, P., B.C. Kindel, Feldman, D.R., W.D. Collins, (2013), “Quantitative Comparison of the Variability in Observed and Simulated Shortwave Reflectance”, Aerosol Chemistry and Physics, acp-2012-681. doi:10.5194/acpd-12-28305-2012.
  26. Rosa, D., J. F. Lamarque, and W. D. Collins. "Global transport of passive tracers in conventional and superparameterized climate models: Evaluation of multi‐scale methods." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 4.4 (2012). doi:10.1029/2012MS000206.
  27. Wielicki, B. A., D.F. Young, M.G. Mlynczak, K.J. Thome, S. Leroy, J. Corliss, J.G. Anderson, C.O. Ao, R. Bantges, F. Best, K. Bowman, H. Brindley, W. Collins, J.A. Dykema, D.R. Doelling, D.R. Feldman, N. Fox, X. Huang, R. Holz, Y. Huang, Z. Jin, D. Jennings, D.G. Johnson, K. Jucks, S. Kato, D.B. Kirk-Davidoff, R. Knuteson, G. Kopp, D.P. Kratz, X. Liu, C. Lukashin, A.J. Mannucci, N. Phojanamongkolkij, P. Pilewskie, S. Platnick, V. Ramaswamy, H. Revercomb, J. Rice, Y. Roberts, C.M. Roithmayr, F. Rose, S. Sandford, E.L. Shirley, W.L. Smith, Sr., B. Soden, P.W. Speth, L. Strow, W. Sun, P.C. Taylor, D. Tobin, X. Xiong, "Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO): achieving climate change absolute accuracy in orbit, B." Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc, Submitted (2013).

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Publications: 2006 thru 2010


  1. Collins W.D., V. Ramaswamy, M.D. Schwarzkopf, Y. Sun, R.W. Portmann, Q. Fu, S.E.B. Casanova, J.-L. Dufresne, D.W. Fillmore, P.M.D. Forster, V.Y. Galin, L.K. Go­har, W.J. Ingram, D.P. Kratz, M.-P. Lefebvre, J. Li, P. Marquet, V. Oinas, Y. Tsushima, T. Uchiyama and W.Y. Zhong, 2006: Radiative forcing by well-mixed greenhouse gases: Estimates from climate models in the IPCC AR4. J. Geophys. Res., 111, article no. D14317, doi:10.1029/2005JD006713.
  2. Collins, W. D., and M. Satoh, 2009: Simulating global clouds: Past, present and future. Perturbed Clouds in the Climate System: Report of the Ernst Strungmann Forum, R.J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, eds., Frankfurt, Germany, March 27, 2008, MIT Press.
  3. Collins, W. D., and M. Satoh, 2009: Simulating global clouds: Past, present and future. Perturbed Clouds in the Climate System: Report of the Ernst Strungmann Forum, R.J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, eds., Frankfurt, Germany, March 27, 2008, MIT Press.
  4. Collins, W.D., C.M. Bitz, M.L. Blackmon, G.B. Bonan, C.S. Bretherton, J.A. Carton, P. Chang, S.C. Doney, J.J. Hack, T.B. Henderson, J.T. Kiehl, W.G. Large, D.S. McKenna, B.D. Santer, and R.D. Smith, 2006: The Community Climate System Model: CCSM3. J. Climate, vol 19, 2122–2143.
  5. Collins, W.D., J.M. Lee-Taylor, D.P. Edwards, and G.L. Francis, 2006: E.ects of in­creased near-infrared absorption by water vapor on the climate system. J. Geophys. Res., 111, article no. D18109, doi:10.1029/2005JD006796.
  6. Collins, W.D., P.J. Rasch, B.A. Boville, J.J. Hack, J.R. McCaa, D.L. Williamson, B.P. Briegleb, C.M. Bitz, S.-J. Lin, and M. Zhang, 2006: The formulation and atmospheric simulation of the Community Atmosphere Model: CAM3. J. Climate. 19, 2144–2161.
  7. Gettelman, A., W.D. Collins, E.J. Fetzer, A. Eldering, and F.W. Irion, 2006: A satel­lite climatology of upper tropospheric relative humidity and implications for climate. J. Climate, 19, 6104–6121.
  8. Iacono, M.J., J.S. Delamere, E.J. Mlawer, M.W. Shephard, S.A. Clough, and W.D. Collins, 2008, Radiative forcing by long-lived greenhouse gases: Calculations with the AER radiative transfer models, J. Geophys. Res.., 113, D13103, doi:10.1029/2008JD009944.
  9. Jensen, M.P., A.M. Vogelmann, W.D. Collins, G.J. Zhang, and E. Luke, 2008: Investiga­tion of regional and seasonal variations in marine boundary layer cloud properties from MODIS observations. J. Climate 21, 4955–4973.
  10. Kato, S., F.G. Rose, S. Sun-Mack, W.F. Miller, Y. Chen, D.A. Rutan, G.L. Stephens, N.G. Loeb, P. Minnis, B.A. Wielicki, D.M. Winker, T.P. Charlock, P.W. Stackhouse, K.­M. Xu, and W. Collins, 2010: Computation of top-of-atmosphere and surface irradiances with CALIPSO, CloudSat, and MODIS derived cloud and aerosol properties. J. Geophys. Res. 116, D19209, doi:10.1029/2011JD016050.
  11. Kiehl, J.T., C.A. Shields, J.J. Hack, and W.D. Collins, 2006: The climate sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model: CCSM3. J. Climate, 19, 2584–2596.
  12. Kinne, S., M. Schulz, C. Textor, S. Guibert, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, W. Collins, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, H. Fe­ichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, M. Herzog, L. Horrowitz, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, A. Jones, S. Kloster, D. Koch, M. Krool, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, G. Lesins, X. Liu, U. Lohmann, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, D. Roberts, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, and X. Tie, 2006: An AeroCom initial assessment – optical properties in aerosol component modules of global models. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 1815–1834.
  13. Mahowald, N.M., M. Yoshioka, W.D. Collins, A.J. Conley, D.W. Fillmore, and D.B. Cole­man, 2006: Climate response and radiative forcing from mineral aerosols during the last glacial maximum, pre-industrial, current, and doubled-carbon dioxide climates. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, article no. L20705, doi:10.1029/2006GL026126.
  14. Meehl, G.A., J.M. Arblaster, and W.D. Collins, 2008: Effects of black carbon aerosols on the South Asian Monsoon. J. Climate, 21, 2869–2882.
  15. Meehl, G.A., T.F. Stocker, W.D. Collins, et al, 2006: Chapter 10: Global Climate Projections, in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Working Group 1: the Physical Basis of Climate Change report, in press.
  16. Meehl, G.A., W.M. Washington, B. Santer, W.D. Collins, J.M. Arblaster, A. Hu, D.M. Lawrence, H. Teng, L.E. Buja, and W.G. Strand, 2006: Climate change in the 20th and 21st cen­turies and climate change commitment in the CCSM3. J. Climate, 19, 2597–2616.
  17. Quaas, J., S. Bony, W.D. Collins, L. Donner, A. Illingworth, A. Jones, U. Lohmann, M. Satoh, S.E. Schwartz, W.-K. Tao, and R. Wood, 2009: Current understanding and quantification of clouds in the changing climate system and strategies for reducing critical uncertainties. Perturbed Clouds in the Climate System: Report of the Ernst Strungmann Forum, R.J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, eds., Frankfurt, Germany, March 27, 2008, MIT Press.
  18. Sun, D.Z., T. Zhang, C. Covey, S. Klein, W.D. Collins, J.J. Hack, J.T. Kiehl, G.A Meehl, I.M. Held, and M. Suarez, 2006: Radiative and dynamical feedbacks over the equatorial cold-tongue: Results from seven atmospheric GCMs. J. Climate, 19, 4059–4074.
  19. Yoshioka, M., N.M. Mahowald, A.J. Conley, W.D. Collins, D.W. Fillmore, C.S. Zender, and D.B. Coleman, 2007: Impact of desert dust radiative forcing on Sahel precipitation: Relative importance of dust compared to sea surface temperature variations, vegetation changes and greenhouse gas warming. J. Climate, 20, 1445-1467.
  20. Zhang, G.J., A.M. Vogelmann, M.P. Jensen, W.D. Collins , and E.P. Luke, 2009: Relat­ing Satellite-Observed Cloud Properties from MODIS to Meteorological Conditions for Marine Boundary Layer Clouds. J. Climate, 23, 1374-1391, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2897.1.

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Publications: 2001 thru 2005

  1. Clarke, A., W.D. Collins, P.J. Rasch, V. Kapustin, K. Moore, and S. Howell, 2001: Pollution transport on global scales: Measurements and model predictions. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 32555–32570.  
  2. Collins, W.D., 2001: Effects of enhanced shortwave absorption on coupled simulations of the tropical climate system. J. Climate, 14, 1147–1165. 
  3. Collins, W.D., 2001: Parameterization of generalized cloud overlap for radiative calcula­tions in general circulation models. J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 3224–3242. 
  4. Collins, W.D., J.K. Hackney, and D.P. Edwards, 2002: An updated parameterization for infrared emission and absorption by water vapor in the National Center for Atmo­spheric Research Community Atmosphere Model. J. Geophys. Res., 107, article no. 4664, doi:10.1029/2001JD001365.  
  5. Collins, W.D., P.J. Rasch, B.E. Eaton, B.V. Khattatov, J.-F. Lamarque, and C.S. Zender, 2001: Simulating aerosols using a chemical transport model with assimilation of satellite aerosol retrievals: Methodology for INDOEX. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 7313–7336. 
  6. Collins, W.D., P.J. Rasch, B.E. Eaton, D.W. Fillmore, J.T. Kiehl, T.C. Beck, and C.S. Zender, 2002: Simulation of aerosol distributions and radiative forcing for INDOEX: Regional climate impacts. J. Geophys. Res., 107, article no. 8028, doi:10.1029/2000JD000032. 
  7. Diner, D.J., R.T. Menzies, R.A. Kahn, T.L. Anderson, J. Bosenberg, R.J. Charlson, B.N. Holben, C.A. Hostetler, M.A. Miller, J.A. Ogren, G.L. Stephens, O. Torres, B.A. Wielicki, P.J. Rasch, L.D. Travis, and W.D. Collins, 2004: Using the PARAGON framework to establish an accurate, consistent, and cohesive long-term aerosol record. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 1535–1548. 
  8. Diner, D.J., T.P. Ackerman, T.L. Anderson, J. Bosenberg, A.J. Braverman, R.J. Charl­son, W.D. Collins, R. Davies, B.N. Holben, C.A. Hostetler, R.A. Kahn, J.V. Martonchik, R.T. Menzies, M.A. Miller, J.A. Ogren, J.E. Penner, P.J. Rasch, S.E. Schwartz, J.H. Sein­feld, G.L. Stephens, O. Torres, L.D. Travis, B.A. Wielicki, and B. Yu, 2004: PARAGON: An integrated approach for characterizing aerosol climate impacts and environmental interactions. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 85, 1491–1501.  
  9. Duvel, J.P., M. Viollier, P. Raberanto, R. Kandel, M. Hae.elin, L.A. Pakhomov, V.A. Golovko, J. Mueller, R. Stuhlmann, and the International ScaRaB Scienti.c Working Group, 2001: The ScaRaB-Resurs Earth radiation budget dataset and .rst results. Bull. Amer. Me­teor. Soc., 82, 1397–1408. 
  10. Lamarque, J.F., J. Kiehl, G. Brasseur, T. Butler, P. Cameron-Smith, W.D. Collins, W.J. Collins, C. Granier, D. Hauglustaine, P. Hess, E. Holland, L. Horowitz, M. Lawrence, D. McKenna, P. Merilees, M. Prather, P. Rasch, D. Rotman, D. Shindell, and P. Thorn-ton, 2005: Assessing future nitrogen deposition and carbon cycle feedback using a multi-model approach. Part 1: Analysis of nitrogen deposition. J. Geophys. Res., 110, article no. D19303, doi:10.1029/2004JD005463.  
  11. Lamarque, J.F., J.T. Kiehl, P.G. Hess, W.D. Collins, L.K. Emmons, P. Ginoux, C. Lou, and X.X. Tie, 2005: Coupled chemistry-climate response to changes in aerosols emissions: global impact on the hydrological cycle and the tropospheric burdens of OH, ozone and NOx. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, article no. L16809, doi:10.1029/2005GL023419. 
  12. Meehl, G.A, W.M. Washington, W.D. Collins, J.M. Arblaster, A. Hu, L.E. Buja, W.G. Strand, and H. Teng, 2005: How much more global warming and sea level rise? Science, 307, 1769–1772.  
  13. Pope, S.K., F.P.J. Valero, W.D. Collins, and P. Minnis, 2002: Comparison of ScaRaB, GOES-8, aircraft, and surface observations of the absorption of solar radiation by clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 107, article no. 4114, doi:10.1029/2001JD001139. 
  14. Ramanathan, V., P.J. Crutzen, J. Lelieveld, D. Althausen, J. Anderson, M.O. An­dreae, W. Cantrell, G. Cass, C.E. Chung, A.D. Clarke, W.D. Collins, J.A. Coakley, F. Dulac, J. Heintzenberg, A.J. Heyms.eld, B. Holben, J. Hudson, A. Jayaraman, J.T. Kiehl, T.N. Krishnamurti, D. Lubin, A.P. Mitra, G. McFarquhar, T. Novakov, J.A. Ogren, I.A. Podgorny, K. Prather, J.M. Prospero, K. Priestley, P.K. Quinn, K. Ra­jeev, P.J. Rasch, S. Rupert, R. Sadourney, S.K. Satheesh, P. Sheridan, G.E. Shaw, and F.P.J. Valero, 2001: The Indian Ocean Experiment: An integrated assessment of the climate forcing and e.ects of the great Indo-Asian haze. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28371– 28398.   
  15. Rasch, P.J., W.D. Collins and B.E. Eaton, 2001: Understanding the Indian Ocean Exper­iment (INDOEX) aerosol distributions with an aerosol assimilation. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 7337–7356. 
  16. Santer, B.D., T.M.L. Wigley, K.E. Taylor, P.W. Thorne, M.F. Wehner, J.S. Boyle, W. Collins, K.W. Dixon, C. Doutriaux, P.J. Gleckler, J.E. Hansen, T.R. Karl, S.A. Klein, J.R. Lanzante, C. Mears, G.A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, D.J. Seidel, and F.J. Wentz, 2005: Modeled and observed lapse-rate changes in the deep tropics. Science, 309, 1551-1556.  
  17. Tie X., S. Madronich, S. Walters, R. Zhang, P. Rasch, and W. Collins, 2003: E.ect of clouds on photolysis and oxidants in the troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., 108, arti­cle no. 4642, doi:10.1029/2003JD003659.
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Publications: 1996 thru 2000

  1. Bony, S., W.D. Collins, and D.W. Fillmore, 2000: Indian Ocean low clouds during the winter monsoon. J. Climate, 13, 2028–2043.
  2. Collins, W.D., 1998: A global signature of enhanced shortwave absorption by clouds. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 31669–31679.Heyms.eld, A.J., G.M. McFarquhar, W.D. Collins, J.A. Goldstein, F.P.J. Valero, J. Spin­hirne, W. Hart, and P. Pilewskie, 1998: Cloud microphysical properties leading to highly re.ective tropical cirrus. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 8805–8812.
  3. Collins, W.D., A. Bucholtz, D. Lubin, P. Flatau, F.P.J. Valero, C.P. Weaver, and P. Pilewskie, 2000: Determination of surface heating by convective cloud systems in the central equato­rial Paci.c from surface and satellite measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 14807–14821.
  4. Collins, W.D., J. Wang, J.T. Kiehl, G.J. Zhang, D. Cooper, and W. Eichinger, 1997: Comparison of tropical ocean-atmosphere .uxes with the NCAR Community Climate Model CCM3. J. Climate, 10, 3047–3058.
  5. Jayaraman, A., D. Lubin, S. Ramachandran, V. Ramanathan, E. Woodbridge, W.D. Collins, and K.S. Zalpuri, 1998: Direct observations of aerosol radiative forcing over the tropical Indian Ocean during the Jan.–Feb. 1996 pre-INDOEX cruise. J. Geo­phys. Res., 103, 13827–13836.
  6. Meehl, G.A., W.D. Collins, B.A. Boville, J.T. Kiehl, T.M.L. Wigley, and J.M. Arblaster, 2000: Response of the NCAR Climate System Model to increased CO2 and the role of physical processes. J. Climate, 13, 1879–1898.
  7. Trishchenko, J. Mueller, E. Raschke, R. Stuhlmann, and the International ScaRaB Scienti.c Working Group, 1998: The ScaRaB Earth Radiation Budget Dataset. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 765–783.
  8. Valero, F.P.J., A. Bucholtz, B. Bush, S.K. Pope, W.D. Collins, P. Flatau, A. Strawa, and W.J.Y. Gore, 1997: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE): Experimental and data details. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 29929– 29937.
  9. Valero, F.P.J., W.D. Collins, P. Pilewskie, P. Flatau, and A. Bucholtz, 1997: Direct radiometric observations of the water vapor super greenhouse e.ect over the equatorial Paci.c ocean. Science, 275, 1773–1776.
  10. van Hees, R.M., J. Lelieveld, and W.D. Collins, 1999: Detecting tropical convection using AVHRR satellite data. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 9213–9228.
  11. Wu, X., W.D. Hall, W.W. Grabowski, M.W. Moncrie., W.D. Collins, and J.T. Kiehl, 1999: Long-term behavior of cloud systems in TOGA COARE and their interactions with radiative and surface processes, part II: E.ects of microphysics on cloud-radiation interaction. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 3177–3195.
  12. Zender, C.S., S. Pope, B. Bush, W.D. Collins, J.T. Kiehl, F.P.J. Valero, and J. Vitko, 1997: Atmospheric absorption during ARESE. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 29901–29915.
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Publications: 1995 and prior

  1. Collins, W.D., 1989: The theory of magnetohydrodynamic wave generation by localized sources I. General asymptotic theory. The Astrophysical Journal, 337, 548–567.
  2. Collins, W.D., 1989: The theory of magnetohydrodynamic wave generation by localized sources II. Collisionless dissipation of wave packets. The Astrophysical Journal, 343, 499–506.
  3. Collins, W.D., 1992: Mechanics of apparent horizons. Physical Review D15, 45, 495–498.
  4. Collins, W.D., 1992: The theory of magnetohydrodynamic wave generation by localized sources III. E.ciency of plasma heating by dissipation of far-.eld waves. The Astrophys­ical Journal, 384, 319–332.
  5. Collins, W.D., and A.K. Inamdar, 1995: Validation of clear-sky .uxes for tropical oceans from the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment. J. Climate, 8, 569–578.
  6. Collins, W.D., and M. Turner, 1984: Thermal production of superheavy magnetic monopoles in the new in.ationary universe scenario. Physical Review D, 29, 2158–2161.
  7. Collins, W.D., F.P.J. Valero, P. Flatau, H. Grassl, and P. Pilewskie, 1996: The radiative e.ects of convection in the tropical Paci.c. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 14999–15012.
  8. Lohmann, U., E. Roeckner, W.D. Collins, A. Heyms.eld, and G. McFarquhar, 1995: The role of water vapor and convection during the Central Equatorial Paci.c Experiment (CEPEX) from observations and model simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 26229– 26245.
  9. Ramanathan, V., and W. Collins, 1992: Thermostat and global warming. Nature, 357, 649.
  10. Ramanathan, V., and W. Collins, 1993: A thermostat in the tropics. Nature, 361, 410–411.
  11. Ramanathan, V., and W.D. Collins, 1991: Thermodynamic regulation of ocean warming by cirrus clouds deduced from observations of the 1987 El Ni˜no. Nature, 351, 27–32.
  12. Ramanathan, V., W.D. Collins, and B. Subasilar, 1994: Comment on the paper “An inquiry into the cirrus-cloud thermostat e.ect for tropical sea surface temperature” by K.M. Lau, C.H. Sui, M.D. Chou, and W.K. Tau. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1185–1186.
  13. Waliser, D.E., W.D. Collins, and S.P. Anderson, 1995: An estimate of the surface short­wave cloud forcing over the western Paci.c during TOGA COARE. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 519–522.
  14. Weaver, C.P., W.D. Collins, and H. Grassl, 1994: The relationship between clear-sky atmospheric greenhouse e.ect and deep convection during the Central Equatorial Paci.c Experiment (CEPEX): Model calculations and satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 25891–25901.
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National and International Assessments

  1. Flato, Gregory, Jochem Marotzke, Babatunde Abiodun, Pascale Braconnot, Sin Chan Chou, William Collins, Peter Cox, Fatima Driouech, Seita Emori, Veronika Eyring, Chris Forest, Peter Gleckler, Eric Guilyardi, Christian Jakob, Vladimir Kattsov, Chris Reason, Markku Rummukainen, 2013: Chapter 9: Evaluation of Climate Models. Working Group I contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis (WGI AR5).
  2. Leung, R., W.D. Collins, and J. Famiglietti, 2013: DOE report for Workshop on Community Modeling and Long-Term Predictions of the Integrated Water Cycle, DOE/SC-0155.
  3. Collins, W.D., and M. Satoh, 2009: "Simulating global clouds, past, present, and future." Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation 2 (2009): Report of the Ernst Strüngmann Forum, Frankfurt 2008, March 2-7, R.J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, Eds. MIT Press. pp. 469-486.
  4. Quaas, J., S. Bony, W. D. Collins, L. Donner, A. J. Illingworth, A. Jones, U. Lohmann, M. Satoh, S.E. Schwartz, W.-K. Tao, and R. Wood, 2009: "Current understanding and quantification of clouds in the changing climate system and strategies for reducing critical uncertainties." In Proceedings Ernst Strüngmann Forum, March 2-7, 2008 , R.J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, Eds., MIT Press, p. 576 2009.
  5. Hegerl, G., F. Zwiers, P. Braconnot, N. Gillett, Y. Luo, J. Marengo, N. Nicholls, J. Pen­ner, P. Stott, M. Allen, C. Ammann, N. Andronova, R. Betts, A. Clement, W.D. Collins, S. Crooks, T. Delworth, R. van Dorland, C. Forest, P. Forster, H. Goosse, J. Gregory,D. Harvey, F. Joos, G. Jones, J. Kenyon, J. Kettleborough, R. Knutti, H. Lambert, M. Lavine, D. Levinson, V. Masson, T. Nozawa, B. Otto-Bliesner, D. Pierce, S. Power, D. Rind, L. Rotstayn, B.D. Santer, C. Senior, S. Stark, D. Stone, S. Tett, P. Thorne, M. Wang, B. Wielicki, T. Wong, L. Xu, X. Zhang, and E. Zorita, 2007: Chapter 9: Understanding and Attributing Climate Change, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
  6. Forster, P., V. Ramaswamy, P. Artaxo, T. Berntsen, R. Betts, D. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulz, R. Van Dor­land, G. Bodeker, G. Boer, O. Boucher, W.D. Collins, T.J. Conway, E. Dlugokencky, J. Elkins, D. Etheridge, P. Fraser, D. Keeling, S. Kinne, K. Lassey, U. Lohmann, A. Manning, S. Montzka, D. Oram, K. O’Shaughnessy, S. Piper, M. Ponater, N. Ra­mankutty, K. Rosenlof, R. Saussen, M.D. Schwarzkopf, G. Stenchikov, N. Stuber, C. Tex­tor, R. Wang,, R. Weiss, and T. Whorf, 2007: Chapter 2: Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and in Radiative Forcing, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Inter­governmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
  7. Meehl, G.A., T.F. Stocker, W.D. Collins, P. Friedlingstein, A. Gaye, J. Gregory, A. Kitoh, R. Knutti, J. Murphy, A. Noda, S. Raper, I. Watterson, A. Weaver, Z.-C. Zhao, J. An-nan, J. Arblaster, C. Bitz, A. le Brocq, P. Brockmann, L. Buja, G. Clarke, M. Collins, E. Driesschaert, N.A. Diansky, K. Dixon, J.-L. Dufresne, J. Kyurgerov, J. Eby, N. Ed­wards, S. Emori, P. Forster, R. Furrer, J. Hansen, G. Hegerl, M. Holland, A. Hu, P. Huy­brechts, F. Joos, J. Kettleborough, M. Kimoto, M. Krynytzky, M.-F. Loutre, J. Lowe, M. Meinshausen, S. M¨uller, S. Nawrath, J. Oerlemans, T. Palmer, A. Payne, G.-K. Plat­tner, J. R¨ais¨anen, G.L. Russell, A. Rinke, D. Salas y Melia, G. Schmidt, B. Schnei­der, A. Shepherd, D. Stainforth, C. Tebaldi, H. Teng, L. Terray, A. Sokolov, P. Stott, E.M. Volodin, B. Wang, T.M.L. Wigley, Y. Yu, and S. Yukimoto, 2007: Chapter 10: Global Climate Projections, in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Con­tribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
  8. Santer, B.D., J.E. Penner, P.W. Thorne, W. Collins, K. Dixon, T.L. Delworth, C. Doutri­aux, C.K. Folland, C.E. Forest, I.M. Held, J.R. Lanzante, G.A. Meehl, V. Ramaswamy, D.J. Seidel, M.F. Wehner, and T.M.L. Wigley, 2006: How well can the observed vertical temperature changes be reconciled with our understanding of the causes of these tempera­ture changes? in Temperature Trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences. T.R. Karl, S.J. Hassol, C.D. Miller, and W.L. Murray, ed­itors, 2006. A Report by the Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington, DC.

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