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Scientists in the Climate Sciences Department are experts in developing predictive models that reveal the complex processes shaping and controlling the planet. Their scientific modeling expertise includes the ability to perform multiscale simulations of abrupt and extreme climate change through development, deployment, and diagnosis of new model frameworks. The Department is actively developing the first global climate models based on proven adaptive mesh techniques to study localized climate phenomena, including land ice-sheet evolution and hurricane formation. Departmental staff members also have the expertise to analyze simulations of climate and resource supply and demand to identify promising pathways for climate-change mitigation.
Departmental scientists have expertise in cloud and convective dynamics and the ability to incorporate that knowledge into DOE’s Earth System Models. Work includes studies of the energy available for triggering convection, the coupling between convection and its large-scale environment, and the transport of mass, momentum, aerosols, water vapor, and other chemical species in convection.
The Climate Sciences Department has core competency in operating field observatories and undertaking observations and ecosystem manipulation experiments to study soil biogeochemistry, vegetation dynamics, and tropical, boreal, and sub-Arctic ecology. Department members are experienced in the collection and interpretation of eddy covariance measurements, tower and aircraft observations, and isotopic measurements of CO2, CH4, CO, 13C, and 18O.