Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Fundamental and Exploratory Research Program:
Research Areas

Efforts in the Fundamental and Exploratory Research (FER) Program within ESD have focused on the following six broad research areas:

Chemical and Mass Transport

This research included special reference to predictive modeling of multiphase, multicomponent, nonisothermal fluid flow in saturated and unsaturated fractured rock… read more »

Isotopic Measurements

This research uses isotopes to investigate a broad range of global processes—from the relatively short-term effects of natural fluid migration in the crust, to longer-term (i.e., 10–20 thousand years) global climate variations… read more »

Geology, Geophysics, and Earth Dynamics

This research involves the propagation of seismic/acoustic and broadband electromagnetic waves through geologic media, with emphasis on new computational techniques… read more »


This research explores geoscience at the molecular level, uniting aspects of natural inorganic, organic, and biological processes with specific interactions and mechanisms common to mineral surfaces, small particles, and particle aggregates… read more »

Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 — Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC)

This center was recently established at Berkeley Lab to study carbon dioxide sequestration processes from molecular to reservoir scales. The aim of this EFRC is to determine how carbon dioxide might best be converted to solid form for long-term underground storage… read more »


This research area includes exploratory research in important new energy and environmental topics conducted under the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program… read more »