Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Geologic Carbon Sequestration Program

Over the past several hundred years, atmospheric CO2 concentrations have steadily increased. Today, globally, nearly 30 billion tons of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion are emitted into the atmosphere. There is growing consensus that increases in CO2 concentrations will disrupt the earth's climate, cause sea level to rise enough to flood low-lying coastal regions, and damage sensitive ecosystems. As a potential solution to this problem, geologic storage of CO2 in underground formations has quickly advanced from a mere concept to a reality, but more remains to be accomplished before widespread application of this technology is possible.

The Earth Sciences Division (ESD) has been carrying out research on geologic carbon sequestration since 1998. The Geologic Carbon Sequestration (GCS) Program within ESD, established in 2007, addresses this pressing climatic issue by advancing the technology related to geologic carbon storage. The GCS mission is to develop the knowledge and understanding of CO2 injection, storage, migration processes, impacts, and monitoring to inform and guide the safe and effective implementation of geologic carbon sequestration. The GCS Program is currently headed by Curt Oldenburg.

GCS Projects Around the World

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Research Areas

The GCS program can be categorized into the following six Research Areas:

View our GCS Program Overview flyer