Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Potential Impacts of CO2 Leakage on Groundwater Quality Publications

Task A Publications

Primary Contact

Journal Publications

  1. Zheng, L., N. Spycher, J. Birkholzer, T. Xu, J. Apps and Y. Kharaka 2013. On modeling the potential impacts of CO2 sequestration on shallow groundwater: Transport of organics and co-injected H2S by supercritical CO2 to shallow aquifers. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 14(0): 113-127.
  2. Trautz, R. C., J. D. Pugh, C. Varadharajan, L. Zheng, M. Bianchi, P. S. Nico, N. F. Spycher, D. L. Newell, R. A. Esposito, Y. Wu, B. Dafflon, S. S. Hubbard and J. T. Birkholzer 2012. Effect of Dissolved CO2 on a Shallow Groundwater System: A Controlled Release Field Experiment. Environmental Science & Technology 47(1): 298-305.
  3. Zheng L., J.A. Apps, N. Spycher, J. T. Birkholzer, Y.f K. Kharaka, J. Thordsen, S. R. Beers, W. N. Herkelrath, E. Kakouros, and R. C. Trautz, (2012) Geochemical Modeling of Changes in Shallow Groundwater Chemistry Observed During the MSU-ZERT CO2 Injection Experiment, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 7(0): 202-217, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.10.003.
  4. Apps, J., L. Zheng, Y. Zhang, T. Xu, J. T. Birkholzer. (2010): Evaluation of groundwater quality changes in response to CO2 leakage from deep geological storage. Transport in Porous Media, Vol. 82, pp. 215–246. DOI 10.1007/s11242-009-9509-8.
  5. Zheng, L.,  J. A. Apps, Y. Zhang, T. Xu, J. T. Birkholzer. (2009): On mobilization of lead and arsenic in groundwater in response to CO2 leakage from deep geological storage. Chemical geology, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2009.09.007, vol 268, issue 3-4, pp. 281-297.
  6. Birkholzer, J.T., Tsang, C.-F. (2008): Introduction to Special Issue on Site Characterization for CO2 Geological Storage, Journal of Environmental Geology, 54(8), pp. 1579-1581.
  7. Tsang, C.-F., Birkholzer, J.T., Rutqvist, J. (2008): A Comparative Review of Hydrologic Issues Involved in Injection Storage of CO2 and in Injection Disposal of Liquid Waste, Journal of Environmental Geology, 54(8), pp. 1723-1737
  8. Lewicki, J.L., Birkholzer, J.T., Tsang, C.-F. (2007): Natural and Industrial Analogues for Leakage of CO2 from Storage Reservoirs – Identification of Features, Events, and Processes and Lessons Learned, Journal of Environmental Geology, 52(3), pp. 457-467.

Technical Reports

  1. Zheng, L., Nicolas Spycher, Jens Birkholzer, Tianfu Xu, John Apps, Yousif Kharaka, 2010. Modeling Studies on the Transport of Benzene and H2S in CO2-Water Systems, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Project Report LBNL-4339E.
  2. Ambats, G., Apps, J.A., Beers, S., Birkholzer, J.T., Gullickson, K.S., Herkelrath, W.N., Kakouros, E., Kharaka, Y.K., Spangler, L.H., Spycher, N., Thordsen, J., Zheng, L. 2009. Groundwater chemistry changes as a result of CO2 injection at the ZERT field site in Bozeman, Montana. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Project Report LBNL-2931E.
  3. Birkholzer, J., J. Apps, L. Zheng, Y. Zhang, T. Xu, C. Tsang. Research Project on CO2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources: Water Quality Effects Caused by CO2 Intrusion into Shallow Groundwater. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Technical Report No. LBNL-1251E. (2008), 450 p.
  4. Birkholzer, J.T., Q. Zhou, J. Rutqvist, P. Jordan, K. Zhang, C.-F. Tsang (2007): Research Project on CO2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources: Large-scale Hydrogeological Evaluation and Impact on Groundwater Systems, Annual Report October 1, 2006 to September 30, 2007, Report LBNL-63544, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. Main Part. Appendices.
  5. Apps. J. (2006): A Review of Hazardous Chemical Species Associated with CO2 Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plants and their Potential Fate during CO2 Geologic Storage, Report LBNL-59731, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
  6. Lewicki, J.L., Birkholzer, J.T., Tsang, C.-F. (2006): Natural and Industrial Analogues for Leakage of CO2 from Storage Reservoirs – Identification of Features, Events, and Processes and Lessons Learned, Report LBNL-59784, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Conference Abstracts and Proceedings

  1. Zheng, L., Marco Bianchi, Nicolas Spycher, Jens Birkholzer, Robert Trautz,  Richard Esposito, Peter Nico, John Pugh, Charuleka Varadharajan, Reactive Transport Modeling of Dissolved CO2-induced Groundwater Change in a Field Experiment, 11th CCUS annual conference, April 30- May 3, 2012,  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  2. Zheng, L., Spycher, N., Apps, J. and Birkholzer, J. 2010. Potential impacts of CO2 leakage on the quality of fresh water aquifers Water-Rock Interaction 2010, Guanajuato, Mexico, Taylor & Francis Group, London.
  3. Zheng, L., J.A. Apps, Y. Zhang, T. Xu, J.T. Birkholzer, 2D and 3D Simulations of Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, GHGT-9, Energy Procedia 1 (2009) 1887–1894, Washington DC.
  4. Kharaka, Y., Thordsen, J., Kakouros, E., Birkholzer, J., Apps, J., Zheng, L., Spycher, N., Trautz, R., Rauch, H., Gullikson, K. (2009):  Changes in Groundwater Chemistry at the 2008 ZERT CO2 Injection Experiment: I. Geochemical Results, Abstract submitted to 8th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, May 4-7, 2009. 
  5. Zheng, L., Apps, J., Spycher, N.,Birkholzer, J., Kharaka, Y., Thordsen, J., Kakouros, E., Trautz, R., Rauch, H., Gullikson, K. (2009):  Changes in Groundwater Chemistry at the 2008 ZERT CO2 Injection Experiment: I. Modeling Analysis, Abstract submitted to 8th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, May 4-7, 2009. 
  6. Birkholzer, J.T. (2009):  Prediction of Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, American Waterworks Association 2009 Water Resources Symposium, January 2009, Portland, Oregon, 2009. 
  7. Kharaka, Y., Thordsen, J., Kakouros, E., Birkholzer, J., Apps, J., Zheng, L., Trautz, R., Rauch, H., Gullickson, K. (2008): Changes in Shallow Groundwater Chemistry Following CO2 Injection at the ZERT Field Site, Bozeman, Montana, Abstract in Proceedings AGU Fall Meeting 2008, San Francisco, CA, December, 2008. 
  8. Zheng, L., Apps, J.A., Zhang, Y., Xu, T., Birkholzer, J.T. (2008):  Prediction of Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings AGU Fall Meeting 2008, San Francisco, CA, December, 2008.
  9. Apps, J.A., Zhang, Y., Zheng, L., Xu, T., Birkholzer, J.T. (2008):  Identification of Thermodynamic Controls Defining the Concentrations of Hazardous Elements in Potable Groundwaters and the Potential Impact of Increasing Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure, Proceedings 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, November 2008, Washington, D.C., 2008
  10. Zheng, L., Apps, J.A., Zhang, Y., Xu, T., Birkholzer, J.T. (2008):  Reactive Transport Simulations to Study Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Proceedings 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, November 2008, Washington, D.C., 2008
  11. Lewicki, J., Birkholzer, J., Tsang, C.-F. (2008): Natural Analogues for CO2 Leakage from Geologic Storage Sites, Abstract in Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007, LBNL-771E, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA. 
  12. Birkholzer, J.T., Apps, J.A., Zheng, L., Zhang, Y., Xu, Tianfu (2008): Geochemical Vulnerability of Groundwater Resources in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings 33rd International Geological Congress, Oslo, Norway, August, 2008.
  13. Zheng, L., Apps, J.A., Zhang, Y., Xu, T., Birkholzer, J.T. (2008): Prediction of Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings XVII International Conference on Computational Methods in Water Resources, July 6-10, San Francisco. 
  14. Birkholzer, J.T., J.A. Apps, Y. Zhang, L. Zheng, T. Xu (2008): Prediction of Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings 7th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, May 2008. 
  15. Birkholzer, J.T., J.A. Apps, Y. Zhang, L. Zheng, T. Xu (2007): Prediction of Groundwater Quality Changes in Response to CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings AGU Fall Meeting 2007, San Francisco, CA, December, 2007. 
  16. Birkholzer, J.T., Apps, J.A., Xu, T., Zhang, Y., Zheng, L. (2007): Geochemical Investigations on the Vulnerability of Groundwater Resources in Case of CO2 Leakage from Deep Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings XII International Congress on Energy and Mining Resources, Oviedo, Spain, October, 2007. 
  17. Birkholzer, J.T., Tsang, C.-F., Rutqvist, J. (2007): A Comparative Review of Hydrologic Issues Involved in Injection Storage of CO2 and in Injection Disposal of Liquid Waste, Extended Abstract in Proceedings XII International Congress on Energy and Mining Resources, Oviedo, Spain, October, 2007.
  18. Birkholzer, J.T., Apps, J.A., Xu, T., Zhang, Y., Zheng, L., Dixit, S., Kneafsey, T., Spycher, N., Steefel, C., Tsang, C.F. (2007): CO2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources:  Understanding Groundwater Quality Changes in the Case of CO2 Intrusion, Abstract in Proceedings GWPC 2007 Annual Forum, San Diego, CA, September, 2007. 
  19. Xu, T., Apps, J.A., Birkholzer, J.T. (2007): Contamination of Groundwater by Hazardous Inorganic Chemical Constituents Through Induced Acidification due to CO2 Leakage from a Storage Formation, Abstract in Proceedings 6th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, May 2007. 
  20. Zhang, Y., Apps, J.A., Birkholzer, J.T., Xu, T., Tsang, C.-F., Scott, J.C. (2007): A Database Analysis of the Distribution of Hazardous Metals in Groundwaters of the United States, Abstract in Proceedings 6th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration, Pittsburgh, PA, May 2007. 
  21. Xu, T., Apps, J.A., Birkholzer, J.T., Tsang, C.-F. (2006): Preliminary Analysis of Groundwater Quality Affected by the Dissolution of Heavy-Metal-Bearing Minerals due to CO2 Leakage from Geological Storage, Abstract in Proceedings American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Dec 2006, San Francisco, USA. 
  22. Birkholzer, J.T., Pruess, K., Lewicki, J.L., Rutqvist, J., Tsang, C.-F., Karimjee, A. (2006): Large Releases from CO2 Storage Reservoirs:  Analogues, Scenarios, and Modeling Needs, Proceedings Petrobras International Seminar on Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change, October 2006, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 
  23. Birkholzer, J.T., Pruess, K., Lewicki, J.L., Rutqvist, J., Tsang, C.-F., Karimjee, A. (2006): Large Releases from CO2 Storage Reservoirs:  Analogues, Scenarios, and Modeling Needs, Proceedings 8th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, June 2006, Norway
  24. Birkholzer, J.T., Pruess, K., Lewicki, J.L., Rutqvist, J., Tsang, C.-F., Karimjee, A. (2006): Large Releases from CO2 Storage Reservoirs:  A Discussion of Natural Analogs, FEPS, and Modeling Needs, Proceedings 5th Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Seqestration, May 2006, Washington, D.C., USA.