Earth Sciences Division (ESD) Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

Geologic Carbon Sequestration Program Research Areas

Efforts in the Geologic Carbon Sequestration (GCS) Program within ESD can be categorized into the following six Research Areas:


GCS scientists are at the forefront of monitoring geologic carbon sequestration processing, using approaches such as surface and borehole seismic, gravity, downhole thermal methods, in situ sampling, tracer analysis, pressure monitoring, and microseismic arrays. read more »

Site characterization

GCS scientists contribute to accurate assessment of injectivity, capacity, trapping mechanisms, and long-term storage integrity of GCS sites. read more »

Risk assessment

GCS scientists are working on evaluating the impact of CO2 injection, as well as developing a simple and transparent framework for risk assessment, using modeling and data analysis tools to predict impacts and likelihoods. read more »

Model development

ESD scientists are the developers of the world-renowned TOUGH family of numerical reservoir simulators.  With TOUGH models for supercritical CO2 and water, reactive geochemical transport, geomechanics, and a host of other modules, the TOUGH codes are being used widely in the GCS research community today and enhancements are ongoing… read more »

Laboratory studies

Prediction and interpretation of geophysical, geochemical, and hydrologic processes require models with sound underlying physics and material properties.  ESD scientists are carrying out laboratory measurements to determine the physical properties of rock and fluid mixtures at in situ reservoir conditions from micron to core scales… read more »

Geochemistry/Geophysics theory and analysis

The scale of GCS is an unprecedented injection activity which demands analysis on a wide range of length and time scales.  ESD scientists apply their expertise in (bio)geochemistry, geomechanics, geophysics, and hydrology to model and analyze trapping processes, impacts of CO2 on groundwater, pressure propagation, brine displacement, and other processes… read more »