Approach and Crosscutting Themes
Our research is performed within a Systems Framework, where complex subsurface systems hypotheses are tested through consideration of the nature and interaction of key components. A common research approach, which involves iterative observations, experiments, and modeling, is used across the SFA. Crosscutting themes, including multi-disciplinarity, scale transitions, integrated behavior, and complexity, encourage fertilization of ideas across the three Challenges. LBNL expertise in environmental microbiology, geophysics, geochemistry, and hydrology is integrated for improved understanding of complex subsurface system processes. Reactive transport modeling provides a framework for iterating between laboratory and field-scale experimentation/observation, allowing for the transfer of parameters, concepts, and processes across scales.